The atlas is the first cervical vertebra, ring-shaped, which carries the skull, transfers and distributes its weight on the cervical spine and participates in the movements of the head in relation to the neck.
Childbirth, blows to the head, falls, neck jerks, sleeping on the stomach, improper posture in sitting and standing can move the Atlas a few millimeters up or down and/or a few degrees of rotation to the left or right.
Very close to the Atlas are the vertebral arteries, the medulla oblongata and spinal cord and the spinal ganglions C1 and C2 which can be pressed due to its incorrect position.
Improper position of the Atlas can interfere with blood flow to the brain and put pressure on nerve structures, which disrupts communication, i.e. the flow of impulses between the brain and the body.
Also, the improper position of the Atlas causes the weight of the head to be irregularly distributed along the spine, which puts a significant load on the vertebrae and creates conditions for the spine to bend and, consequently, pain and other symptoms.
Headache, dizziness, unsteadiness in walking, swaying, fainting, ringing in the ears, neck pain, neck stiffness, fatigue, poor concentration and memory, disturbed sleep, bad mood and body tension are the most common symptoms that occur with an incorrect position of the Atlas.
Adjusting the Atlas in the correct position is one of the most important preconditions for the musculoskeletal system as a whole to establish optimal balance and function.